Автор сообщения: Егермейстер
Дата и время сообщения: 09 August 2006 at 07:07:05:
В ответ на сообщение: Re: Да и начинать-то было не обязательно
Зачем - а почитать путеводитель? ;-)
The Ity Canal was initiated by Nekau II in the 26th Dynasty for the purpose of linking the Nile to the Red Sea by way of Wadi Tumilat. It was completed by Darius and renovated by the Greeks. Not always did it branch off from the Nile at the same place, due to the lateral shift of the river's banks. The canal was completely re-dug during the reign of the Roman emperor, Trajan.
-- Теперь см. карту Покока еще раз, где канал им. тов. Траяна, и где Гелиополь. Тут же пересказана версия о том, что название "Каир" произошло от Kheraha:
When the Nubian ruler, Piye came to Egypt from Napata in the south, we are told that in 730 BC he completed his conquest of the country by taking Memphis "like a cloudburst". He celebrated this victory by traveling to Heliopolis to make sacrifices to the ancient gods, and later by erecting a stela in the Temple of Amun at Gebel Barkal. The stela tells us that, after proceeding eastward out of the ancient capital (Memphis), which simply means he crossed the Nile, "his Majesty proceeded to Helopolis, passing that mountain of Kheraha on Sepa's way, which leads to Kheraha". Sepa was a centipede god and Sepa's way leads through the heart of modern Cairo.
The ancient town of Kheraha is mentioned once more in his stela as the place where the conqueror made offerings to Atum. Kheraha was situated to the north of Memphis, and is one of actually three pre-Islamic sites that grew up in the general area where Cairo was later founded. Furthermore, it has been conclusively demonstrated that Kheraha corresponds to Old Cairo, which during the Byzantine times was bounded on one side by the fortress of Babylon. The Kheraha mountain is the spur of the Muqattam Hills on which the fortress was built and in ancient times, the Nile lapped almost at the foot of its ramparts.
Kheraha means "battleground", and this refers to one of the oldest Egyptian traditions going back to the Pyramid Texts, which situates an episode of the struggle between Horus and Seth at this location.
One view seems to be that the name, Babylon, is derived from a corruption of the ancient Egyptian per-hapi-n-On, which means the House of the Nile of On, which was what the earlier Egyptians called Roda Island. But it is believed that there was an earlier settlement on this site, and Diodorus tells us that this settlement was populated by prisoners whom Sesostris bought from the Mesopotamian city of Babylon, who named it after their own city. When Strabo visited Heliopolis, he notes that, "Going higher upriver, you come to Babylon, a stronghold where a number of Babylonians rebelled and, after negotiations, obtained the kings' permission to settle. Today however it is the garrison town of one of the three legions stationed in Egypt".
Лень переводить. Некак им было доплыть до Гелиополя. Замечу, что Hor Aha считается одним из первых правителей 1-й династии.