Автор сообщения: Александр Резников
Дата и время сообщения: 08 January 2007 at 22:20:38:
В ответ на сообщение: Надо прояснить
Авиева чреда была восьмая, а не шестая (1Пар 24,10). Верно.
Я просто процитировал Д.В.Хьюза (Nature, 268, 565, 1977).
Вот оригинальный текст: "Simmons finds the month of the birth of Christ by relating the lives of Christ and John the Baptist (personal communication). Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, was a priest of the course of Abia (Luke I, 8) and would have served in the temple during the 6th week after Passover, the week before Pentecost. As all the priests also served during Pentecost, Zacharias would have left Jerusalem for his home town around Sivan 12th (15 June). Elizabeth, his wife, conceived soon after his return (Luke I, 24) so John the Baptist would have been born about 280 days later, around 27 March. Luke (I, 36)-records that Christ was 6 months younger than John the Baptist so this puts the birth of Christ in late September. Interestingly we read in the Talmud that sheep were taken in from the hills on about the first of November until March so shepherds would not be on the hills watching over their sheep between these dates".
У меня нет книги Хьюза, но, к счастью, есть ксерокс стр.78, на которой Хьюз уже пишет: "The scholar William Simmons calculates the days of the temple service of Zacharias by starting with the 1st day of Nisan, which in 5 BC was a sabbath. On our Roman calendar this day is 6 April. The ninth week, the one in which Zacharias served, was between 27 Iyar and 5 Siven (1-8 June). Pentecost week was 12-19 Sivan (8-15 June) and according to Simmons, Elizabeth must have conceived immediately after this. The birth of John the Baptist would have occurred about the end of March 4 BC, in the very early spring. Jesus, being six months younger than John, would have been born in mid September, the early autumn. Now these calculations by Simmons simply rely on the date of 1 Nisan. This varies from year to year in an analogous way to the variation of the christian festival of Easter. This means that even if we discount the 5 BC date put forward by Simmons and move this backwards in time to the period 10 BC to 8 BC, which according to Figure 4 we must do, the calculation can still be made and gives Jesus a birth month around September. It must also be stressed that St Luke does not tell us on which of two possible weeks of the year Zacharias was actually serving. Simmons assumes that it was the one preceding Pentecost. It could have been the one that occurred about twenty-six weeks later on. With this six month ambiguity we can only conclude that Jesus was born either in September or March".
Как видите, в книге Хьюз исправил 6-ю неделю на 9-ю. Мне тоже надо.
Спасибо за верное замечание.