Re: История имен дней недели


Автор сообщения: Roger
Дата и время сообщения: 20 February 2007 at 19:39:00:

В ответ на сообщение: История имен дней недели

> вы не в курсе если где-то есть подробное описание возникновений слов для дней
> недели в разных, хотя бы европейских, языках?

Вопрос не очень внятный, возможно, поэтому и ответов внятных не было. Я, честно, даже не понял, о которой 1000 лет Вы говорили.

Для меня в своё время было интересно узнать, что порядок светил в "астрологических" названиях дней недели, получаются из порядка их орбит вокруг Земли. Я читал об этом у Нойгебауэра, и уже не помню, принадлежит ли это нововведение грекам или египтянам; последним приписывает его Дион:

18 The custom, however, of referring the days to the seven stars called planets was instituted by the Egyptians, but is now found among all mankind, though its adoption has been comparatively recent; at any rate the ancient Greeks never understood it, so far as I am aware. 2 But since it is now quite the fashion with mankind generally and even with the Romans themselves, I wish to write briefly of it, telling how and in what way it has been so arranged. I have heard two explanations, which are not difficult of comprehension, it is true, though they involve certain theories. 3 For if you apply the so‑called "principle of the tetrachord" (which is believed to constitute the basis of music) to these stars, by which the whole universe of heaven is divided into regular intervals, in the order in which each of them revolves, and beginning at the outer orbit assigned to Saturn, 4 then omitting the next two name the lord of the fourth, and after this passing over two others reach the seventh, and you then go back and repeat the process with the p131orbits and their presiding divinities in this same manner, assigning them to the several days, you will find all the days to be in a kind of musical connection with the arrangement of the heavens.

19 This is one of the explanations given; the other is as follows. If you begin at the first hour to count the hours of the day and of the night, assigning the first to Saturn, the next to Jupiter, the third to Mars, the fourth to the Sun, the fifth to Venus, the sixth to Mercury, and the seventh to the Moon, 2 according to the order of the cycles which the Egyptians observe, and if you repeat the process, you will find that the first hour of the following day comes to the Sun. 3 And if you carry on the operation throughout the next twenty-four hours in the same manner as with the others, you will dedicate the first hour of the third day to the Moon, and if you proceed similarly through the rest, each day will receive its appropriate god. This, then, is the tradition.

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/37*.html


2564. История имен дней недели - mv 05:50 17.02.07 (4)
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