Так тут сказка про белого бычка


Автор сообщения: Равиль
Дата и время сообщения: 24 July 2008 at 09:09:21:

В ответ на сообщение: Re: A вот циата из вики, Марина меня будет

у слова наука ( science) существует много значений .
По одним значениям теология это наука , по другим нет .
Когда задают вопрос будет ли история наукой то имеют ввиду значение
"a: knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method b"

Кстати , вы читали процитированную вами статью ?

"Ambiguity and confusion regarding usage of the terms science, empirical science and scientific method have complicated the usage of the term human science with respect to human activities. The term science is derived from the Latin scientia meaning 'knowledge'. Science may be appropriately used to refer to any branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws. However, according to the Positivists, the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge which comes from positive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method. As a result of the positivist influence, the term science is frequently employed as a synonym for empirical science. Empirical science is knowledge based on the scientific method, a systematic approach to verification of knowledge first developed for dealing with natural physical phenomena and emphasizing the importance of experience based on sensory observation. However, even with regard to the natural sciences, significant difference exist among scientists and philosophers of science with regard to what constitutes valid scientific method.[6] More recently, usage of the term has been extended to the study of human social phenomena as well. Thus, the natural sciences and social sciences are commonly classified as science, whereas the study of classics, languages, literature, music, philosophy, history, religion, and the visual and performing arts are referred to as the humanities. Ambiguity with respect to the meaning of the term science is aggravated by the widespread use of the term formal science with reference to any one of several sciences that is predominantly concerned with abstract form that cannot be validated by physical experience through the senses, such as logic, mathematics, and the theoretical branches of computer science, information theory, and statistics."

Есть бенгальский тигр, есть сибирский тигр , были туранский и тасманийский тигры.

То что в названии этих животных фигурирует слово тигр не означает что все эти животные относятся к одному виду.

П.С. Вы кстати упорно избегаете ответов на вопрос который я вам задал .
К чему бы это ?


2824. Может ли история стать настоящей наукой? - Jetset 14:32 14.07.08 (414)
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