Автор сообщения: amateur
Дата и время сообщения: 18 June 2004 at 20:48:47:
В ответ на сообщение: Re: отвлечемся на республиканский римский календарь
Не важно про ошибки( идея то правильная - поискать базу нашего венгерского друга), но вы не будете же отрицать что 1 января первого юлианского года пришлось на новую луну?
Не напрягаясь нашел новый источник(co ccылками) который вам уже не отвергнуть :-)
The Inception of the Calendar of Julius Caesarat a Visible New Moon
Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (Art. Calendarium) will confirm that Julius Caesar caused the first day of his reformed calendar to begin on the day of the new moon, following the winter solstice in December 46 BC. It says:
'Accordingly, it is found that the mean new moon occurred at Rome on the 1st of January, 45 BC at 6h 16m pm.'
In this way alone can be explained the phrase used by Macrobius:
Annum Civilem Caesar, habitis ad lunam dimensionibus constitutum, edicto palam proposito publicavit.
This could be translated:
'After the edict had been publicly proposed, Caesar proclaimed the State year which had been established after calculations had been taken according to the moon.'
The essence of this quotation was that the new solar year Caesar was inaugurating was advertised to commence 'at the new moon' (ad lunam) and this was because the Romans had become accustomed for centuries to commence their years at the moon's phasis, that is, the first appearance of the crescent in the sky.
It will be seen at once that if the actual conjunction of the moon did not occur until late on January 1st 45 BC, the new moon could not possibly have been observed at the earliest until the evening of January 2nd, which would have entirely defeated Caesar's object in planning that the people should see the crescent on the day his great new calendar was to commence.
The author of the above article, in common with others who consult lunar astronomical tables, of course had no knowledge of the action of the Almighty in arresting the moon's revolution for the two days of Christ's entombment in AD 33. Consequently, he could only assess the moon's age as it would have been in 45 BC, if the 'wonder' we are speaking of had not occurred in AD 33. But as we know from the Bible's chronology that the moon was new on December 30th, and would have first appeared as a thin crescent in the night of the 31st or, at the latest, in the evening of January 1st, we can see that Caesar's objective was attained, and that a visible new moon did mark the opening day of this great new solar calendar before the watching eyes of all the Roman populace.
It seemed necessary to give this supporting evidence as, until the massive array of chronological facts relating to the death and resurrection of Christ can be more fully apprehended, natural incredulity with many might weigh too heavily in the balance when we have to speak of such a 'wonder' as this, to which the Bible only refers in veiled terms in Joel 2: 31 and Acts 2: 20.